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At local level, decentralised planning is being carried out by Institutions of Self-Governance (ISGs) which are known locally as Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI). The main responsibility of these PRIs is to accelerate the pace of development and involve all people in this process so that the felt needs of the people and their development aspirations are fulfilled. The constitution and functions of these PRIs at different levels are as follows:

  • At Village Level: To prepare Village Data Inventory (VDI) , convene Gram Sabha ( Elected body of cluster of 1/5 villages having 700-1200 adult population) meetings, list out the felt needs of the village, prioritise the needs on the basis of resources available and prepare a village plan to be submitted to Panchayat Samiti (Elected body at Block level).

  • At Block Level: To prepare Block Data Inventory (BDI), aggregate all village plans, identifying activities covering more than one Gram Panchayat (Elected body of cluster of 10-15 Gram Sabhas) and prepare block level plan to be submitted to the District Panchayat.

  • At District Level: To consolidate all block plans, disaggregate them by item, year and cost (according to their link with rural development programmes and sectoral programmes of the State and Federal Governments), distribute the activities to different local governmental departments sector wise and finally prepare the district plan to be presented before the district planning committee for finalisation and approval for both Perspective plan and Annual Action plan.

The Local Government Departments work as executives to the Institutions of Self Governance at different levels.

Tasks to be accomplished by rural local bodies (i.e. panchayat) under 73rd amendments act. (Indicative sectors to be addressed under NRDMS are given below)

  • Agriculture, including agriculture extension.

  • Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation and soil conservation.

  • Minor irrigation, water management watershed development.

  • Animal husbandry, dairying and poultry.

  • Fisheries.

  • Social forestry and farm forestry.

  • Minor forest produce.

  • Small scale industries, including food processing industries.

  • Khadi, village and collage industries.

  • Rural Housing.

  • Drinking water.

  • Fuel and fodder.

  • Roads, culverts, brides, ferries, waterways, and other means of communication.

  • Rural electrification including distribution of electricity.

  • Non-conventional energy sources.

  • Poverty alleviation programme.

  • Education, including primary and secondary schools.

  • Adult and non-formal education.

  • Libraries.

  • Cultural activities.

  • Markets and fairs.

  • Health and sanitation, including hospitals, primary health centers and dispensaries.

  • Family welfare.

  • Woman and child development.

  • Social welfare including welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded.

  • Welfare of the weaker sections, and in particular, of the Scheduled castes and the Scheduled tribes.

  • Public distribution system.

  • Maintenance of community assets.