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Project Title:

Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Utilisation of Water Resources in Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand

Thematic Area:

Natural Resources Database Management


  • Located in the upper reaches of Siwane basin, part of Hazaribagh Upper Plateau (HUP). Northern & western limit are scarp zone of Hazaribagh Upper Plateau (HUP) and Hazaribagh Lower Plateau (HLP)

  • Latitude: 240 0' -- 240 10'

  • Longitude: 850 15 -- 850 30

  • Administratively, it comes under the Katkamsandi, Hazaribagh, and Ichak blocks of the district. 135 villages come under the sub-basin limit.

  • It has been divided into three watersheds. These are:
Watershed Code No. Local Name of watershed Area (ha) Relative location
2A2G5h Lapasiya 8500 Upper basinal boundary of Siwane basin
2A2G5g Churchu 7500 Middle portion of Siwane sub-basin
2A2G5f Alaunja 5500 Tail portion of Siwane sub-basin


  • Evaluate detailed geo-hydrology

  • Workout watershed wise detailed sub-surface aquifer geometry 

  • Evaluate geo-morphology and terrain modeling.

  • Identify the groundwater recharge sites.

  • Identify the check dam / water harvesting sites on the basis of geo-hydrological, hydro-geophysical and DBTM data

  • Analysis of existing Land-use 

  • Identified the land degradation

  • Integration of natural resources & sustainable land-use planning for efficient use of available water resource

  • Computerization of Natural Resources themes through GIS software application.


Detailed investigation has been carried out for groundwater development, utilisation and management due to its complex nature of occurrence. The Study consists the detailed groundwater exploration and generation of primary database at micro-level for better understanding of the aquifer system of the hard rock area. The Digital Basement Terrain Model (DBTM) of the three watersheds has been developed. Based on the DBTM, total aquifer reserves i.e. dynamic and static has also been estimated. This has helped in the identification of Aquifer Storage and Reterival (ASR) area. Number of sub-surface basins has been identified which has great significance in identifying the high yield borewell sites in the hard rock area. More than 30 deep borewells have been identified. In the project, methodology for development of DBTM has been worked and tested. DBTM has given fairly accurate basement topography and its 3D visualization. DBTM has great role in identification of deep borewell sites, identification of recharge sites, estimation of static groundwater reserves. Based on the integrated analysis of groundwater data, area suitable for dugwell development, dug-cum-borewell development and borewell development has been identified. Village wise data has been extracted using GRAM GIS and entire groundwater database is the integral parts of the Natural Resource database of the sub-basin basin. Determination of the porosity of the aquifer has been also attempted using field and DBTM. Porosity model of the aquifer was also developed for estimation of the storage characteristic of the sub-surface basins.


  • In the present study the two components i.e. surface & groundwater has been inter-linked with the help of DBTM and GIS. The developed DBTM methodology has provided vital information and has shown good correlation with the actual field condition.Geophysical based DBTM and its correlation and integration has emerged as a additional parameters to be included in GIS environment. 

  • Study indicated that upper catchments of sub-basin (lapasiya watershed situated near the major water divide) have more potential for the development & utilization of surface, groundwater, soil resources as compare to area located in lower reaches of the sub-basin. The largest water body "chharwa dam" which is supposed to be recharge the aquifer in the down stream side is actually contributing very negligible amount to the down streamside aquifer. This is mainly due to presence of sub-surface barrier in the down streamside as evidenced from the DBTM. Basement topographic reversal has also been observed in the upper reaches of the sub-basin. 

  • The integration of all natural resources on GIS platform has given enough scope for understanding the inter-relationship between the available natural resources within the watershed.

  • The research carried under this project clearly indicates that role of lineament (probable fracture) identified through remote sensing technique has very limited role in deep buried pediplain. In the present study, even reproducible lineaments have by and large failed to produce any significant anomaly or strong correlation with geo-hydrological and hydro-geophysical parameters.

  • It has been observed that out of the three watershed, the two lower reaches watersheds namely Churchu and Alaunja have limited scope for the groundwater resources compare to the Upper reaches watershed i.e. Lapasiya. The groundwater storage and retrieval of the aquifer can be enhanced directing groundwater recharge to the identified sub-surface basins through DBTM.

Data Used:

  • Geo-hydrological data including CGWB
  • Geo-physical data
  • Satellite data
  • Socio-economic data
  • Rainfall data
  • Soil and base details including drainage and elevation data of Survey of India


  • Drainage and water body map of Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure1)
  • Village map of Siwane Sub-basin Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure2).
  • Land-use / Land cover map of Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure3).
  • Soil series / Association map of Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure4).
  • Soil Erosion / Hazard map of Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure5).
  • Map showing area suitable for Dugwell development in the Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure6).
  • Map showing area fesibility of Dugwell-cum-Borewell development in the Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure7).
  • Map showing watershed wise Disital Basement Terrain Model in the Siwane Sub-basin, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Figure8).
  • Feasibility for Dugwell Development (View More)
  • Feasibility for Dugwell-cum-Borewell Development (View More)
  • Groundwater Reserve Estimation (View More)
  • Land-use / Land-cover Statistics (View More)

Date of project completion: July 1997

Total Cost of Project: Rupees 4,41,639.72

Project Investigator:

Dr. Ashok Kumar
Bihar Remote Sensing Application Centre,
IGSC- Planetarium Complex, Patna 800 001
Phone: 0612-2235264 (O) / 2689001 (R)
E-mail: ashok_bcst[at]yahoo[dot]com
Web: www.geocities.com/ashok_bcst