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Project name:
Setting up of Natural Resources Digital Database Center at Jalpaiguri, West Bengal and Creation of an Integrated Database for Developmental Planning

Thematic Area:
District level digital database for developmental planning

Location:
Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal, India
Latitude: 26016N - 2700N 
Longitude: 8804E- 89053E 

Objective:
* To interact with District authorities and assess their perception of the problem of planning for sustainable development at district and grass root level and assess the prospect of improvement in planning process through application of digital technology.
* To design appropriate digital data structure, procure and install computer hardware and software system and set up a state-of- art NRDMS Centre.
* To train personnel for adoption of digital technology.
* To develop a digital database on natural resources and hazards. Tertiary objectives in this case include the following:
* To identify and quantify the availability of major abiotic resources e.g. land, surface water, groundwater, soil, industrial rocks, ores, surficial deposits and biotic resources e.g. forests, grass lands, biosphere reserves etc.
* To create a digital terrain model (DTM) and a digital elevation model (DEM) through integrated application of GIS-GPS-RS technologies.
* To create a digital data base on natural hazards and their distribution pattern in space-time
* To prepare thematic maps on land cover, landuse and environmental hot spots.
* To create a digital data base on the state of environment. Tertiary objectives in this case include the following:
* To characterize the quality of air, water and soil in terms of their major chemical traits, document the pollution level and the pattern of its variation in space-time
* To generate spatial data base on source of pollution and its dispersal pattern 
* To discriminate the natural and man made environmental hot spots and indicate them on the spatial matrix.
* To identify the endangered species of flora and fauna and indicate their distribution pattern in the digital map.
* To study the human scenario of the district in terms of demography, literacy level, occupation, livelihood pattern, income, human development index and quality of life.
* To analyse the multivariate data base and integrate them with the spatial matrix using GIS technology. 

Abstract:
The theme of the project is to build up capacity for developmental planning at Jalpaiguri district through application of modern science and technology. It is designed to provide the district-based planners and implementing agencies sensitive tools and techniques for rapid information retrieval, analysis and integration of multiple data sets in the district matrix. This will hopefully help them in arriving at informed planning decisions through optimisation exercises based on convergence of traditional geographical knowledge and data obtained through application of modern technology of geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing (RS) and global positioning system (GPS). Three basic targets are conceived (a) setting up of a natural resources digital data centre (NRDDC) at Jalpaiguri which will serve as the central hub for digital data processing at district level, (b) creation of digital database and (c) training of personnel to own and operate the centre in an effective manner after completion of the project. The main focuses are further expanded below:
Documentation and appraisal of natural resources and natural hazards
Documentation and analysis of the present status of utilisation of natural resources along with identification of constraints and scope of exploitation of untapped resources
Analysis of the problems of resource depletion and environmental/ ecological degradation
Documentation and analysis of demographic and socio-economic scenario, generation of human development index, analysis of man - environment equations and assessment of the quality of life.
Training of personnel at district level for adoption of the new technology.

Data used:
The administrative layer data (District, State International & National Boundary), Base layer (River, Canal, Lakes, Road and Rail), Mouza boundaries were collected from the Department of Science & Technology, West Bengal.
The layers were superimposed on IRS-1D LISS-III (December 2001 and March-2002) and IRS-1D PAN (August 2002) satellite imagery. 
The data used were collected from different line departments: Data on ground water quality, location of deep location of Deep tube wells and Shallow tube wells from SWID, data on Canals and Crops from Agricultural Department, data on animal Husbandry from Animal Husbandry Dept, information on health from Health Dept., data on Literacy from Statistical department and data on irrigation from irrigation department. The data from Fisheries, Wild Life, Social Forestry, Bank etc are being collected.

Highlights/Findings:
Geographic data base of Rajganj, Sadar, Mal and Nagrakata blocks of the district have been upgraded on the basis of satellite imagery. The theme maps consist of Rivers, Roads, Rail, Flood Plane, Valley fill, Forest, Tea Garden etc.

Output:
The administrative layers have been superimposed on the satellite imagery of the district. The base layer is ready for GIS input and analysis. LISS-III data have been merged with PAN data to generate maps of blocks on 1:12,500 scale (Figure1, Figure2, and Figure3).

Date of Project completion:
31.03.2004

Total cost of project:
Rs. 22,04,000/-

Project Investigator:
Mr. Bikash C. Poddar
Hony. Secretary, Center for Study of Man & Environmet
Parivesh Kendra, CK-11, Sector-2, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700 091
E-Mail: csme[at]vsnl[dot]net
Phone- (033) 23210861, 23590781